Alabama State Facts & Information

State Facts & Information


  • State Flag: alabama
  • State Capital: Montgomery
  • Largest City: Birmingham

Interesting Fact
Alabama was called "The Cotton State". Most of the farmers grew cotton. An insect named the "Boll weavil" came and destroyed much of the crop. The farmers quickly began growing peanuts and raising livestock. To this day, the Town of Enterprise has a statue/monument of the boll weavil. Confederate States of America set up in 1861.

  • Abbreviation: AL
  • Area Codes: AL
    205 Alabama - Birmingham/Central Alabama
    251 Alabama
    659 Alabama
    256 Alabama - Huntsville/North Alabama
    334 Alabama - Montgomery/Mobile/Lower Alabama
  • Constitution: Settled in 1702
  • Statehood: December 14, 1819 (22nd State)
  • NickName: "The Heart of Dixie"
  • State Flower: Camellia
  • State Tree: Southern Pine
  • State Bird: Yellowhammer (Northern Flicker)
  • State Fish: Largemouth Bass
  • State Insect: Monarch Butterfly
  • State Rock: Star Blue Quartz
  • State Song: "Alabama"
  • Land Area: 51,705 sq. mi.
  • Highest Point: Cheaha Mountain; 2407 feet
  • Lowest Point: Gulf Coast: Sea Level
  • Towns and Cities - Alabama
  • Largest Cities: Birmingham, *Montgomery, Mobile, Enterprise, Huntsville.
  • Counties in Alabama
  • Popular Attractions
    Alabama Space and Rocket Center - Huntsville
    Birmingham Zoo
    George Washington Carver Museum - Tuskegee
    Ivy Green - Birthplace of Helen Keller in Tuscumbia
    USS Alabama - World War II battleship in Mobile Bay
    Port of Mobile
  • Border States: Tennessee (N), Mississippi (W), Georgia (E), Florida (S)

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Last updated on April 21, 2021