illinoisIllinois • Facts

State Guides
state capital
State Capital
largest city
Largest City

Abbreviation: IL
Counties: Illinois Counties
Towns & Cities:
Towns and Cities in Illinois
Joined Union
December 3, 1818
Constitution: 21st State
NickName: Land of Lincoln
State Flower: Violet
State Tree: Native Oak
State Bird: Cardinal (Northern Cardinal)
State Song: "Illinois"
Population Approx. 13 Million People (2013)
Land Area: 55,646 sq. mi.; 24 th
Highest Point: Charles Mound; 1237 feet
Lowest Point: Mississippi River; 278.9 feet
Border States: Wisconsin (N), Indiana (E), Kentucky (S), Missouri (W/SW), Iowa (W/NW)

Illinois State Symbols

State Flower
Illinois State Flower, Violet
State Tree
Illinois State Tree, Native Oak
Native Oak
State Bird
Illinos state bird, Cardinal
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