American Robin – State bird facts

American Robin

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Description: The American Robin is one of the most widely recognized birds in North America with its orange belly, cheery songs and blue eggs. Robins rank as one of the most abundant bird species on the continent and can live almost anywhere.

State(s): Michigan, Wisconsin , Connecticut

Year Designated: Connecticut: 1943, Michigan: 1931, 
Wisconsin: 1949


Key Facts

Life Span10 to 13 Years
FlightFlying Bird

Conservation Status:

Lease Concern




Weight77-85 g
Wing Span31-41 cm
Length20-28 cm

Taxonomic Serial Number179759

Compared to the Average State Bird

How the American Robin measures up:

  • Wing span5 cm and 14% larger than the average state bird’s wingspan, (36 cm).
  • Weight: just about the average weight for a state bird (85 g).
  • Length: is just about the average length of a state bird (27 cm)

Scientific Classification

KingdomChordataAvesPasseriformesTurdidaeTurdus migratorius


Appearance Description

Male AppearanceDark gray-brown body with warm orange breast and underparts. A white patch on stomach and under the tail is common. Males have darker heads and only a small white patch disrupts the orange on their chests and underparts.
Female AppearanceDark gray-brown body with warm orange breast and underparts. A white patch on stomach and under the tail is common. Females have lighter head and large white areas on their chest and belly.



DietInvertebrates, fruit, berries.
Communication StylesVery vocal and known for its cheery carol songs. Has distinctively different calls for warnings, danger and mating.
Migratory BehaviorShort-distance migrant.

Range of Habitation



Almost anywhere in North America, including urban, suburban and forested areas.


owls, hawks, racoons, snakes, chipmunks, squirrels, crows, blue jays, common grackles, and house cats.

Mating and Breeding

Breeding Overview

Breeding BehaviorMonogamous, but may pair with a new mate each year.
Breeding SeasonSpring and Summer
NestingFemales build cup-shaped nests with grass, twigs and mud in trees.


American Robin Egg
ColorLight blue
Clutch Size3 to 5 egg(s)
Egg Laying MonthsApril to July

Chick description

Helpless and almost completely naked.


Birding Facts

Interesting FactWhen Robins eat honeysuckle berries exclusively, they sometimes become intoxicated.
Best Season to ObserveAutumnSpringSummer
Observation TipsAmerican Robins are easy to find in areas with bird-friendly landscaping and fruit trees during spring and summer. They are attracted to bird bathes and dust bathes.
Other NamesRobin, Common Robin


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