Mountain Bluebird – state bird facts

Mountain Bluebird

Mountain Bluebird

Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides)

Description: A medium-sized bird know for its brilliant blue color and loud calls, the Mountain Bluebird is a common sight in open areas of the western United States.
State(s):

Nevada

Idaho

Year Designated: Idaho: 1931, Nevada: 1967,

Overview

Key Facts

Life Span6 to 10 Years
FlightFlying Bird

Conservation Status

Mountain Bluebird

Least Concern
Conservation StatusLeast Concern

Type

Thrushes

Dimensions

Weight25-30g
Wing Span28-32 cm
Length16-20 cm

Taxonomic Serial Number                        179811

Compared to the Average State Bird

How the Mountain Bluebird measures up:

  • Wing span4 cm and 11% smaller than the average state bird’s wingspan (36 cm).
  • Weight55 g and 65% lighter than the average state bird’s weight (85 g)
  • Length7 cm and 26% shorter than the average state bird’s length (27 cm)

Scientific Classification

KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilySpecies
AnimaliaChordataAvesPasseriformesTurdidaeSialia currucoides

Appearance

Appearance Description

Male AppearanceSky blue body, head, wings and tail with a white belly.
Female AppearanceBlue-brown overall with reddish chests.

Behavior

Lifestyle

DietInsects, berries, fruits, nuts, invertebrates.
Communication StylesSongs filled with call notes and whistling.
Migratory BehaviorLong-distance migratory. Found as far north as Alaska in summer and as far south as Mexico in winter.

Range of Habitation


Habitation

Habitat

Elevations above 5,000 feet, and they nest in open areas such as meadows, hayfields, grain fields, savannas, prairies, clear cuts, and the edges of coniferous and deciduous forests.

Predators

snakes, falcons, opossums, house cats

Mating and Breeding

Breeding Overview

Breeding BehaviorMonogamous, but pairs with a new mate each year.
Breeding SeasonMarch and April
NestingNests woven by females only of grasses, soft bark, hair and feathers in tree cavities and snags, frequently in nest boxes.

Eggs

Mountain Bluebird Eggs
ColorPale blue
Clutch Size4 to 8 egg(s)
Egg Laying MonthsApril to June

Chick description

Naked and helpless at hatching, sparsely covered in down.

Birding

Birding Facts

Interesting FactOnly the female builds the nest. The male sometimes acts as if he is helping, but he either brings no nest material or he drops it on the way.
Best Season to ObserveSummer
Observation TipsMountain Bluebirds are easy to find in mixed forest edges due to the large population and vast migratory patt

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