Carolina Wren – South Carolina state bird

Carolina Wren

Carolina Wren

Carolina Wren ( Thryothorus ludovicianus )

Description: The Carolina Wren is a small, plump bird with a long, often up-cocked tail. Both sexes of this bird appear with an unpatterned orange-to-rust body, and a distinctive set of white “eyebrows.” The Carolina Wren aggressively defends its territory by chasing away intruders and eliciting unrelenting series of songs.
State(s):South Carolina
Year Designated: 1948


Key Facts

Life Span6 Years
FlightFlying Bird

Conservation Status

Least Concern




Weight18–22 g
Wing Span29 cm
Length12–14 cm

Taxonomic Serial Number                  178582

Compared to the Average State Bird

How the Carolina Wren measures up:

  • Wing span7 cm and 19% smaller than the average state bird’s wingspan (36 cm).
  • Weight63 g and 74% lighter than the average state bird’s weight (85 g)
  • Length13 cm and 48% shorter than the average state bird’s length (27 cm)

Scientific Classification

AnimaliaChordataAvesPasseriformesTroglodytidaeThryothorus ludovicianus


Appearance Description

AppearanceA small, plump bird with a long, often up-cocked, tail. Both sexes of this bird appear with an unpatterned orange-to-rust body, and a distinctive set of white “eyebrows.”



DietInsects of all kinds, and occasionally small reptiles and frogs.
Communication StylesOnly male Carolina Wrens sing, exhibiting a diverse mix quick, repeated chirps.
Migratory BehaviorNon-Migratory

Range of Habitation



Open woodlands, lowland swamps, thick ravines, and overgrown or dilapidated suburban areas.


racoons, black rat snakes, gray squirrels, minks, gray foxes, eastern chipmunks, blue jays, cooper’s hawks, and sharp-shinned hawks.

Mating and Breeding

Breeding Overview

Breeding BehaviorMonogamous, pairs often mate for life.
Breeding SeasonSummer
NestingA bulky cavity nest, built 3-6 feet off of the ground.


Carolina Wren
ColorOff-white or cream, with rust-colored specks.
Clutch Size3 to 7 egg(s)

Chick description

Born with eyes closed, light gray down.


Birding Facts

Interesting FactUnlike any other wren, only male Carolina Wrens sing. A single male Carolina Wren was once documented singing up to 2,500 songs per day.
Best Season to ObserveAutumnWinter
Observation TipsCarolina Wrens frequent backyards and gardens, spending time at feeders in the winter, and happily nesting in bird houses in the summer. Offering shelter and sustenance in your backyard is a great way to attract Carolina Wrens.
Other NamesTroglodyte de Caroline, Saltapared carolinense


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