California Gull | Utah State Bird Facts
California Gull (Larus californicus)
Description: A common medium-sized gull on the West Coast, the California Gull can commonly be found near oceans, lakes, and dumpsters. The California Gull has a base coat of white, with a grey back and wings. The California Gull’s yellow beak features a black ring on the lower mandible.
Year Designated: 1955
|Life Span||20 Years|
|Wing Span||130 cm|
Taxonomic Serial Number 176829
Compared to the Average State Bird
How the California Gull measures up:
- Wing span: 94 cm and 261% larger than the average state bird’s wingspan, (36 cm).
- Weight: 960 g, 1,129%, and 12 times heavier than the average state bird’s weight (85 g)
- Length: 27 cm, 100%, and 2 times longer than the average state bird’s length (27 cm)
|Appearance||Base coat of white, with a grey back and wings. Yellow beak features a black ring on the lower mandible.|
|Diet||Insects, Marine Invertebrates, Garbage.|
|Communication Styles||Scratchy series of “aow” sounds.|
|Migratory Behavior||Non-migratory on the coast, short- to medium-distance migration further inland.|
Range of Habitation
Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Beaches, Pastures, Garbage Dumps, and Parking Lots.
Mating and Breeding
|Breeding Behavior||Monogamous for breeding season.|
|Nesting||Nests in large colonies on ground.|
|Color||Buff to greenish, with dark spots, splotches, and swirls|
|Clutch Size||1 to 4 egg(s)|
|Egg Laying Months||Summer|
White to grey down with dark speckles.
|Interesting Fact||Both male and female California Gulls incubate eggs.|
|Best Season to Observe||AutumnSummer|
|Observation Tips||California Gulls are present near most large bodies of water in the Western Unites States.|
|Other Names||Goéland de Californie, Gaviota Californiana|