Blue Hen Chicken – Delaware state bird
Blue Hen Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)
Description: A Revolutionary War historical icon and University of Delaware mascot, the Blue Hen Chicken is known for its blue plumage.
Year Designated: 1939
|Life Span||4 to 8 Years|
|Conservation Status||Least Concern|
|Wing Span||60-90 cm|
Taxonomic Serial Number 176086
Compared to the Average State Bird
How the Blue Hen Chicken measures up:
- Wing span: 54 cm and 150% larger than the average state bird’s wingspan, (36 cm).
- Weight: 3,915 g, 4,606%, and 47 times heavier than the average state bird’s weight (85 g)
- Length: 13 cm and 48% longer than the average state bird’s length (27 cm)
|Animalia||Chordata||Aves||Galliformes||Phasianidae||Gallus gallus domesticus|
|Appearance||Resembles the Mediterranean breed of chickens more than English gamecocks. Only half of blue chicks by blue parents will be blue, the other solid black or white. Beaks are yellow, eyes are red in hue. Red waddle and comb on head. The head, hackle, cape, and saddle vary between the shades of brown, yellow and orange. Their front neck, lower body and tail are blue.|
|Diet||Seeds and grains|
|Communication Styles||Frequent clucks and crows.|
Domestic farms and yards.
hakws, coyotes and snakes.
Mating and Breeding
|Nesting||Man-made coops or free-range straw nests.|
|Color||White to light brown|
|Clutch Size||1 egg(s)|
|Egg Laying Months||Year-round|
Grey-blue, white or black down feathers.
|Interesting Fact||During the Revolutionary War, the men of Captain Jonathan Caldwell’s company, recruited in Kent County, brought Blue Hens known for their fighting ability. The officers and men amused themselves by pitting their Blue Hen chickens in cockfights. When in battle, the Delaware men fought so valiantly that they were compared to these fighting cocks.|
|Best Season to Observe||AutumnSpringSummerWinter|
|Observation Tips||The University of Delaware’s College of Agriculture & Natural Resources maintains a breeding group of the Blue Hen Chicken on the campus farm.|
|Other Names||Blue Hen of Delaware, Kent County Blue Hen|